Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Debt

v3.19.3
Debt
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Debt  
Debt

Note 7 – Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following obligations as of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

September 30, 

    

December 31, 

(in thousands)

 

2019

 

2018

Credit Agreement – revolver(1)

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

Bridge Term Loan – term loan payable in quarterly installments of principal, plus interest through April 2019(1)

 

 

 —

 

 

7,736

Credit Agreement – term loan payable in quarterly installments of principal, plus interest through March 2020(1)

 

 

 —

 

 

14,335

2019 Revolving Credit Facility

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

2019 Refinancing Term Loan – term loan payable in quarterly installments of principal, (commencing in September 2020) plus interest through April 2022

 

 

40,000

 

 

 —

2019 Refinancing Term Loan embedded derivative

 

 

388

 

 

 —

Capital leases – collateralized by vehicles, payable in monthly installments of principal, plus interest ranging from 4.95% to 6.1% through 2023

 

 

6,028

 

 

5,145

Total debt

 

 

46,416

 

 

27,216

Less - Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

(3,548)

 

 

(3,141)

Less - Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs

 

 

(3,285)

 

 

(461)

Long-term debt

 

$

39,583

 

$

23,614


(1)

On April 12, 2019, the Company entered into the Refinancing Agreements (as defined below) and used the net proceeds to repay its existing indebtedness under the Credit Agreement (as defined below).

Credit Agreement

Effective July 20, 2016, LFS, a subsidiary of the Company, entered into the Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement consisted of a $25.0 million revolving line of credit (the “Credit Agreement Revolver”) and a $24.0 million term loan (the “Credit Agreement Term Loan”), both with a maturity date of July 20, 2021. The Credit Agreement was collateralized by substantially all of the assets of LFS and its subsidiaries. Principal payments of $750,000 on the term loan were due quarterly through June 30, 2018. Principal payments of $900,000 were due at the end of subsequent quarters through maturity of the loan, with any remaining amounts due at maturity. Outstanding borrowings on both the term loan and the revolving line of credit bore interest at either the Base Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) or LIBOR (as defined in the Credit Agreement), plus the applicable additional margin, payable monthly.

Mandatory prepayments were required upon the occurrence of certain events, including, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, equity issuances, changes of control of the Company, certain debt issuances, assets sales and excess cash flow. The Company could voluntarily prepay the loans at any time subject to the limitations set forth in the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement included restrictions on, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, the Company and its subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends or make other distributions, redeem or purchase capital stock, make investments and loans and enter into certain transactions, including selling assets, engaging in mergers or acquisitions and entering into transactions with affiliates.

On January 12, 2018, LFS and LHLLC entered into the Second Amendment and Limited Waiver to the Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment and Limited Waiver”) with the lenders party thereto and Fifth Third Bank, as administrative agent. The Second Amendment and Limited Waiver provided for a new term loan under the Credit Agreement in the aggregate principal amount of $10.0 million (the “Bridge Term Loan”), the proceeds of which were used to repurchase the Company’s remaining 280,000 shares of Class A Preferred Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $9.1 million plus accrued but unpaid dividends of $0.9 million.

Loans under the Credit Agreement bore interest, at the Borrower’s option, at either Adjusted LIBOR (“Eurodollar”) or a Base Rate, in each case, plus an applicable margin. With respect to the Bridge Term Loan, from January 12, 2018 to, but excluding, July 12, 2018 (the six-month anniversary of the loan), the applicable margin with respect to any Base Rate loans was 4.00% per annum and with respect to any Eurodollar loan was 5.00% per annum. From July 12, 2018 to, but excluding, the 12-month anniversary thereof, the applicable margin with respect to any Base Rate loan was 4.50% per annum and with respect to any Eurodollar loan was 5.50% per annum. From the 12-month anniversary of January 12, 2018 and all times thereafter, the applicable margin with respect to any Base Rate loan was 5.00% per annum and with respect to a Eurodollar loan was 6.00% per annum.

The borrower was required to make principal payments on the Bridge Term Loan in the amount of $250,000 on the last business day of March, June, September and December of each year, commencing on March 31, 2018. The Bridge Term Loan was to mature on April 12, 2019; however, the balance was refinanced under the 2019 Refinancing Agreements (as defined below) prior to maturity. The Bridge Term Loan was guaranteed by the same Guarantors and secured (on a pari passu basis) by the same Collateral as the loans under the Credit Agreement.

On March 21, 2018, the Company, LFS and LHLLC entered into the Third Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Third Amendment”) with the lenders party thereto and Fifth Third Bank, as administrative agent and L/C Issuer. The Third Amendment provided for an increase in the amount that could be drawn against the Credit Agreement Revolver for the issuances of letters of credit from $5.0 million to $8.0 million, modified the definition of EBITDA to include certain one-time costs and non-cash charges and joined the Company as a guarantor under the Credit Agreement and related loan documents.

On May 15, 2018, the Company, LFS and LHLLC entered into the Fourth Amendment to Credit Agreement and Limited Waiver (the “Fourth Amendment and Limited Waiver”) with the lenders party thereto and Fifth Third Bank, as administrative agent and L/C Issuer. The Fourth Amendment and Limited Waiver amended the existing covenants of the Credit Agreement to include additional information covenants, such as work in process reports and monthly cash flow schedules. In addition, the Fourth Amendment and Limited Waiver required a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.15 for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018.

On August 13, 2018, the Company, LFS and LHLLC entered into the Fifth Amendment to Credit Agreement and Limited Waiver (the “Fifth Amendment and Limited Waiver”) with the lenders party thereto and Fifth Third Bank, as administrative agent and L/C Issuer. The Fifth Amendment and Limited Waiver amended the existing covenants of the Credit Agreement and required the Company to engage a consultant for the purposes of making recommendations as to methods of the Company’s corporate and Mid-Atlantic’s operations and controls. In addition, the Fifth Amendment and Limited Waiver required a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.15 for the fiscal quarter ended March 30, 2019 and not less than 1.25 at all times thereafter.

During the third quarter of 2018, the Company was not in compliance with the then-existing debt covenants. As a result of these violations, the lenders requested that the Company seek alternative financing. On November 30, 2018, the Company, LFS and LHLLC entered into a Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement and Limited Waiver (the “Sixth Amendment and Limited Waiver”) with the lenders party thereto and Fifth Third Bank, as administrative agent and L/C Issuer, pursuant to which the administrative agent and certain lenders thereto agreed to a waiver of the Company’s non-compliance with the senior leverage and fixed charge coverage ratio requirements under the Credit Agreement. In addition, the Sixth Amendment and Limited Waiver amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things, (i) reduce the Lenders’ $25.0 million commitment under the Company’s Credit Agreement Revolver to $22.5 million on December 31, 2018 and $20.0 million on January 31, 2019, (ii) accelerate the maturity date for the Credit Agreement revolver and the Credit Agreement Term Loan facility from July 20, 2021 to March 31, 2020, and (iii) require that certain actions be taken in connection with the refinancing of the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement by certain scheduled dates.

The Credit Agreement, as amended, required the Company to comply with certain financial performance covenants including the following: (1) a minimum EBITDA of $6.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, (2) a fixed charge coverage ratio not less than 1.10 for each fiscal quarter ending on or after March 31, 2019 (which was decreased from 1.15 for the fiscal quarters ending on June 30, 2018 through December 31, 2018) and (3) unfinanced capital expenditures not to exceed $1.0 million for each fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019, and September 30, 2019; no unfinanced capital expenditures for the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2019 and total unfinanced capital expenditures not to exceed $3.0 million for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019; and no unfinanced capital expenditures where the Company fails to achieve the required fixed charge coverage ratio for such date.

The equity interests of the Company’s subsidiaries were pledged as security for the obligations under the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement included customary events of default, including, among other items, payment defaults, cross-defaults to other indebtedness, a change of control default and events of default with respect to certain material agreements. Additionally, with respect to the Company, an event of default was deemed to have occurred if the Company’s securities ceased to be registered with the SEC pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act. In case of an event of default, the administrative agent was entitled to, among other things, accelerated payment of amounts due under the Credit Agreement, foreclose on the equity of the Company’s subsidiaries, and exercise all rights of a secured creditor on behalf of the lenders.

As of December 31, 2018, the Company was in compliance with the financial and other covenants related to the Credit Agreement. At December 31, 2018, the Company had irrevocable letters of credit in the amount of $3.4 million with its lender to secure obligations under its self-insurance program.

The additional margin applied to both the Credit Agreement revolver and Credit Agreement term loan is determined based on levels achieved under the Company’s senior leverage ratio covenant, which reflects the ratio of indebtedness divided by EBITDA for the most recently ended four quarters.

The following is a summary of the additional margin and commitment fees payable on the prior revolving credit commitment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

    

Additional Margin for

    

Additional Margin for

    

 

 

Level

 

Senior Leverage Ratio

 

Base Rate loans

 

Libor Rate loans

 

Commitment Fee

 

I

 

Greater than or equal to 2.50 to 1.00

 

3.00

%  

4.00

%  

0.50

%

II

 

Less than 2.50 to 1.00, but greater than or equal to 2.00 to 1.00

 

2.75

%  

3.75

%  

0.50

%

III

 

Less than 2.00 to 1.00, but greater than or equal to 1.50 to 1.00

 

2.50

%  

3.50

%  

0.50

%

IV

 

Less than 1.50 to 1.00

 

2.25

%  

3.25

%  

0.50

%

 

The Company refinanced its Credit Agreement Revolver on April 12, 2019 under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, described below and therefore had no amounts outstanding under its Credit Agreement at September 30, 2019.

2019 Refinancing Agreement

On April 12, 2019 (the “Refinancing Closing Date”), LFS entered into a financing agreement (the “2019 Refinancing Agreement”) with the lenders thereto and Cortland Capital Market Services LLC, as collateral agent and administrative agent and CB Agent Services LLC, as origination agent (“CB”). The 2019 Refinancing Agreement consists of (i) a $40.0 million term loan (the “2019 Refinancing Term Loan”) and (ii) a new $25.0 million multi-draw delayed draw term loan (the “2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan” and, collectively with the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan, the “2019 Term Loans”). Proceeds from the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan were used to repay the then existing Credit Agreement, to pay related fees and expenses thereof and to fund working capital of the Borrowers (defined below). Management intends for proceeds of the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan will be used to fund permitted acquisitions under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement and related fees and expenses in connection therewith.

LFS, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and each of its subsidiaries are borrowers (the “Borrowers”) under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement. In addition, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement is guaranteed by the Company and LHLLC (each, a “Guarantor”, and together with the Borrowers, the “Loan Parties”).

The 2019 Refinancing Agreement is secured by a first-priority lien on the real property of the Loan Parties and a second-priority lien on substantially all other assets of the Loan Parties, behind the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement (as defined below). The respective lien priorities of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement and the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement are governed by an intercreditor agreement.

2019 Refinancing Agreement - Interest Rates and Fees

The interest rate on borrowings under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement is, at the Borrowers’ option, either LIBOR (with a 2.00% floor) plus 8.00% or a base rate (with a 3.00% minimum) plus 7.00%. At September 30, 2019, the interest rate in effect on the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan was 10.18%.

2019 Refinancing Agreement - Other Terms and Conditions

The 2019 Refinancing Agreement matures on April 12, 2022, subject to adjustment as described therein. Required amortization is $1.0 million per quarter commencing with the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2020. There is an unused line fee of 2.0% per annum on the undrawn portion of the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan, and there is a make-whole premium on prepayments made prior to the 19‑month anniversary of the Refinancing Closing Date. This make-whole provision guarantees that the Company will pay no less than 18 months’ applicable interest to the lenders under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement.

The 2019 Refinancing Agreement contains representations and warranties, and covenants which are customary for debt facilities of this type. Unless the Required Lenders (as defined in the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) otherwise consent in writing, the covenants limit the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things, (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue preferred stock, (ii) pay dividends or make distributions to the Company’s stockholders, (iii) purchase or redeem the Company’s equity interests, (iv) make investments, (v) create liens on their assets, (vi) enter into transactions with the Company’s affiliates, (vii) sell assets and (viii) merge or consolidate with, or dispose of substantially all of the Company’s assets to, other companies.

In addition, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement includes customary events of default and other provisions that could require all amounts due thereunder to become immediately due and payable, either automatically or at the option of the lenders, if the Company fails to comply with the terms of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement or if other customary events occur.

Furthermore, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement also contains two financial maintenance covenants for the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan, including a requirement to have sufficient collateral coverage of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the 2019 Refinancing Term Loans and as of the last day of each month for the total leverage ratio of the Company and its Subsidiaries (the “Total Leverage Ratio”) not to exceed an amount beginning at 4.25 to 1.00 through June 30, 2019, and stepping down to 2.00 to 1.00 effective July 1, 2021. From July 1, 2019 through September 30, 2019, the Total Leverage Ratio may not exceed 4.00 to 1.00. As of August 31, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 4.61 to 1.00, which did not meet the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. As of September 30, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 2.85 to 1.00, which was in compliance with the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. The lender has waived the event of default arising from this noncompliance as of August 31, 2019, while reserving its rights with respect to covenant compliance in future months. In addition, the parties to the 2019 Refinancing Agreement entered into an amendment which, among other changes, revises the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of 2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 through the term of such agreement. The 2019 Refinancing Agreement contains a post-closing covenant requiring the remediation of the Company’s material weakness, as described in Item 9A of its 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, no later than December 31, 2020 and to provide updates as to the progress of such remediation, provided that, if such remediation has not been completed on or prior to December 31, 2019, (x) the Company shall be required to pay the post-closing fee pursuant to the terms of the Origination Agent Fee Letter (as defined in the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) and (y) the applicable margin shall be increased by 1.00 % per annum for the period from January 1, 2020 until the date at which the material weakness is no longer disclosed or required to be disclosed in the Company’s SEC filings or audited financial statements of the Company or related auditor’s reports.

2019 Refinancing Agreement – CB Warrants

In connection with the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, on the Refinancing Closing Date, the Company issued to CB and the other lenders under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement warrants (the “CB Warrants”) to purchase up to a maximum of 263,314 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $7.63 per share subject to certain adjustments, including for stock dividends, stock splits or reclassifications. The actual number of shares of common stock into which the CB Warrants will be exercisable at any given time will be equal to: (i) the product of (x) the number of shares equal to 2% of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock on the Refinancing Closing Date on a fully diluted basis and (y) the percentage of the total 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan made as of the exercise date, minus (ii) the number of shares previously issued under the CB Warrants. As of the Refinancing Closing Date and September 30, 2019, no amounts had been drawn on the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan, so no portion of the CB Warrants were exercisable. The CB Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a “cashless basis,” subject to certain adjustments, at any time after the Refinancing Closing Date until the expiration of such warrant at 5:00 p.m., New York time, on the earlier of (i) the five (5) year anniversary of the Refinancing Closing Date, or (ii) the liquidation of the Company.

Accounting for the 2019 Term Loans and CB Warrants

The CB Warrants represent a freestanding financial instrument that is classified as a liability because the CB Warrants meet the definition of a derivative instrument that does not meet the equity scope exception (i.e., the CB Warrants are not indexed to the entity's own equity). In addition, the material weakness penalty described above was evaluated as an embedded derivative liability and bifurcated from the 2019 Term Loans as it represents a non-credit related embedded feature that provides for net settlement. Both the CB Warrants liability and the embedded derivative liability are required to be initially and subsequently measured at fair value. The initial fair values of the CB Warrants liability and the embedded derivative liability approximated $0.9 million and $0.4 million, respectively, on the Refinancing Closing Date. The CB Warrants liability is included in other long-term liabilities. The current portion of the embedded derivative liability of $0.2 million is included in current portion of long-term debt and the long-term portion of $0.2 million is included in long-term debt. The Company estimated these fair values by using the Black-Scholes -Merton option pricing model and a probability-weighted discounted cash flow approach, respectively.

The proceeds for the 2019 Term Loan were first allocated to the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative liability based on their respective fair values with a corresponding amount of $1.3 million recorded as a debt discount to the 2019 Term Loans. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $2.5 million of debt issuance costs for the 2019 Term Loans that have also been recorded as a debt discount. The combined debt discount from the CB Warrants liability, embedded derivative liability and the debt issuance costs is being amortized into interest expense over the term of the 2019 Term Loans using the effective interest method. The Company recorded interest expense for the amortization of the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative debt discounts of $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and recorded an additional $0.2 million and $0.4 million of interest expense for the amortization of the debt issuance costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

The Company remeasured the fair value of the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative liability as of September 30, 2019 and recorded any adjustments as other income (expense). The Company estimated these fair values by using the Black-Scholes -Merton option pricing model and a probability-weighted discounted cash flow approach, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded other income of $0.5 million and $0.4 million to reflect the change in fair values of the CB Warrants liability and the embedded derivative liability, respectively.

2019 ABL Credit Agreement

On the Refinancing Closing Date, LFS also entered into a financing agreement with the lenders thereto and Citizens Bank, N.A., as collateral agent, administrative agent and origination agent (the “2019 ABL Credit Agreement” and, together with the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, the “Refinancing Agreements”). The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement consists of a $15.0 million revolving credit facility (the “2019 Revolving Credit Facility”). Proceeds of the 2019 Revolving Credit Facility may be used for general corporate purposes. On the Refinancing Closing Date, the Company had nothing drawn on the ABL Credit Agreement and $14.0 million of available borrowing capacity thereunder (net of a $1.0 million reserve imposed by the lender).

The Borrowers and Guarantors under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement are the same as under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement.

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement is secured by a second-priority lien on the real property of the Loan Parties (behind the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) and a first-priority lien on substantially all other assets of the Loan Parties.

2019 ABL Credit Agreement - Interest Rates and Fees

The interest rate on borrowings under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement is, at the Borrowers’ option, either LIBOR (with a 2.0% floor) plus an applicable margin ranging from 3.00% to 3.50% or a base rate (with a 3.0% minimum) plus an applicable margin ranging from 2.00% to 2.50%.

2019 ABL Credit Agreement - Other Terms and Conditions

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement matures on April 12, 2022. There is an unused line fee ranging from 0.250% to 0.375% per annum on undrawn amounts.

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement contains representations and warranties, and covenants which are customary for debt facilities of this type. Unless the Required Lenders otherwise consent in writing, the covenants limit the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things, generally, to (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue preferred stock, (ii) pay dividends or make distributions to the Company’s stockholders, (iii) purchase or redeem the Company’s equity interests, (iv) make investments, (v) create liens on their assets, (vi) enter into transactions with the Company’s affiliates, (vii) sell assets other than in the ordinary course of business or another permitted disposition of assets and (viii) merge or consolidate with, or dispose of substantially all of the Company’s assets to, other companies.

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement includes customary events of default and other provisions that could require all amounts due thereunder to become immediately due and payable, either automatically or at the option of the lenders, if the Company fails to comply with the terms of the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement or if other customary events occur.

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement also contains a financial maintenance covenant for the 2019 Revolving Credit Facility, which is a requirement for the Total Leverage Ratio of the Company and its Subsidiaries not to exceed an amount beginning at 4.00 to 1.00 through September 30, 2019, and stepping down to 1.75 to 1.00 effective July 1, 2021. As of August 31, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 4.61 to 1.00, which did not meet the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. As of September 30, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 2.85 to 1.00, which was in compliance with the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. The lender has waived the event of default arising from this noncompliance as of August 31, 2019, while reserving its rights with respect to covenant compliance in future months. In addition, the parties to the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement entered into an amendment which, among other changes, revises the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of  2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 through the term of such agreement.

Accounting for the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement

As of September 30, 2019, the Company had nothing drawn on the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $0.9 million of debt issuance costs for the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement that have been recorded as a non-current deferred asset. The deferred asset is being amortized into interest expense over the term of the 2019 Term ABL Credit Agreement using the effective interest method. The Company recorded interest expense of $0.1 million for the amortization the debt issuance costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.