Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization and Plan of Business Operations

Organization and Plan of Business Operations
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Plan of Business Operations
Organization and Plan of Business Operations
Limbach Holdings, Inc. (the “Company,” “we” or “us”), is a Delaware corporation headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that was formed on July 20, 2016, as a result of a business combination with Limbach Holdings LLC (“LHLLC”). The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Limbach Holdings, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, including LHLLC, Limbach Facility Services LLC, Limbach Company LLC, Limbach Company LP, Harper Limbach LLC, and Harper Limbach Construction LLC.
We operate in two segments, (i) Construction, in which we generally manage large construction or renovation projects that involve primarily heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (“HVAC”), plumbing, or electrical services, and (ii) Service, in which we provide maintenance or service primarily on HVAC, plumbing or electrical systems. This work is primarily performed under fixed price, modified fixed price, and time and material contracts over periods of typically less than two years. The Company's customers operate in several different industries, including healthcare, education, sports and entertainment, infrastructure, government, hospitality, commercial, manufacturing, mission critical, and industrial manufacturing. The Company operates primarily in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Midwest, and Southwestern regions of the United States.
Emerging Growth Company
Section 102(b)(1) of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”) exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. We ceased to qualify as an emerging growth company on December 31, 2019. Accordingly, we are required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards as a public business entity.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a global pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant disruption and volatility on a global scale resulting in, among other things, an economic slowdown and the possibility of a continued economic recession. In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, national and local governments around the world instituted certain measures, including travel bans, prohibitions on group events and gatherings, shutdowns of certain non-essential businesses, curfews, shelter-in-place orders and recommendations to practice social distancing. The various governmental actions have been and remain applicable to Limbach's operations in different ways, often varying by state. In some instances, these orders continued to result in shutdowns of certain projects in our Construction and Service segments into the three months ended June 30, 2020. In limited instances, projects chose to shutdown work irrespective of the existence or applicability of government action. In most markets, construction is considered an essential business and Limbach continued to staff its projects and perform work during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and has since then seen most all of the projects that were in progress restart. As Limbach's operations have been deemed essential, we have taken several measures to combat the COVID-19 downturn. The duration or recurrence of these measures and the impact of COVID-19 is unknown and may be extended, and additional measures may be necessary. The New England region was the only branch where all construction activity was prohibited for a period of time. In addition to project suspensions in the New England region, each of our other branches experienced select project suspensions and were adversely impacted by COVID-19 related regulation. In May, much of the COVID-19 regulations that caused shutdowns of projects in the New England region were lifted and all of the projects that were suspended in that region resumed operations, as well as the other projects that were impacted by similar suspensions in each of our other branches also resumed. In the Service segment, the branches are currently experiencing a slowdown in some types of work due to restrictions on building access but began to see improvement start in the month of July. As building access returns, the branches are expecting building owners to maintain or retrofit current facilities in lieu of funding larger capital projects.
During the first half of 2020, we took several actions to combat the COVID-19 outbreak induced downturn in our business including, but not limited to, the following:
Identification of projects that have been shut down and methods for seeking to preserve any contractual entitlement that may exist;
Establishment of a task force to identify possible types and areas of impact from COVID-19 for both shutdown and continuing operations;
Examination of the Company's productivity and potential impact on gross profit as a result of COVID-19;
Implementation of the Company's pandemic response plan;
Implemented our furlough and work schedule reduction plans, as well as permanent reductions in force;
Suspended substantially all discretionary, non-essential expenditures, including but not limited to, auto allowances, deferral of rent ranging between 1 and 3 months, 10% salary reduction for a select group of corporate and regional management and cost reduction opportunities identified by our external consultant; and
Continued our hiring freeze.
During the month of July 2020, with the return of project and service work, we removed the 10% salary reduction for the select group of corporate and regional management, returned auto allowances, reinstated positions, removed schedule reduction plans and discontinued our hiring freeze.
In addition to the above actions taken during the initial impacts of COVID-19, we continue to take steps to minimize the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and to protect the safety of our employees and continue to emphasize more frequent washing of hands and tools, social distancing, wearing masks and work protocols. Limbach's COVID-19 policy is written based on the best practices provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration for essential workers. Our updated Work From Home Policy, along with the Company's business continuity planning and information technology enhancements have enabled an orderly transition to remote work and facilitated social distancing for salaried employees.

Testing and inpatient treatment for COVID-19 is covered under our medical plan and fees have been waived since the onset of the pandemic. Counseling is available through our employee assistance plan to assist employees with financial, mental and emotional stress related to the virus and other issues.  
Management continues to perform a reforecast of its 2020 and 2021 financial plans on a monthly basis. For the period ended June 30, 2020, we assessed a variety of factors, including but not limited to projects in our Construction and Service segments currently being impacted or delayed, construction industry financial forecasts for the remainder of 2020, and the impact of certain cost-cutting measures implemented during the end of the our first fiscal quarter. Based on these factors we assumed a measured recovery in revenue and gross profit that commenced in May and returning to normal revenue and gross profit levels in Q4 2020. However, it is difficult to identify the nature and extent of the COVID-19 impacts and fully estimate any costs associated with its impacts. We believe these impacts will become more defined over time and any actual cost impacts are expected to be more readily discernible as projects continue to progress towards completion. Based on management's current reforecast, management projects compliance with the financial covenants associated with its current credit agreements for the next 12 months.
While management has used all currently available information in its forecasts, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows is highly uncertain, cannot be accurately predicted and is dependent on future developments, including the duration of the pandemic and the related length of its impact on the global economy, such as a lengthy or severe recession or any other negative trend in the U.S. or global economy, and any new information that may emerge concerning the COVID-19 outbreak and the actions to contain it or treat its impact. The continued impact on our business as a result of COVID-19 pandemic could result in a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, liquidity and prospects in the near-term and beyond 2020.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was signed into law. The CARES Act provides opportunities for additional liquidity, loan guarantees and other government programs to support companies affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and their employees. The Company elected to utilize the option to defer payment of certain payroll taxes and utilize certain income tax updates (i.e. NOL carryback).