Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Debt

v3.20.2
Debt
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  
Debt
Debt
Long-term debt consists of the following obligations as of:
(in thousands)
June 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
2019 Refinancing Term Loan - term loan payable in quarterly installments of principal, (commencing in September 2020) plus interest through April 2022
$
41,000

 
$
41,000

Finance leases – collateralized by vehicles, payable in monthly installments of principal, plus interest ranging from 4.85% to 6.45% through 2025
6,285

 
6,585

Total debt
47,285

 
47,585

Less - Current portion of long-term debt
(6,414
)
 
(4,425
)
Less - Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs
(3,350
)
 
(4,292
)
Long-term debt
$
37,521

 
$
38,868


Credit Agreement
In 2016, Limbach Facility Services, LLC (“LFS”), a subsidiary of the Company, entered into the Credit Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement consisted of a $25.0 million revolving line of credit (the “Credit Agreement revolver”) and a $24.0 million term loan (the “Credit Agreement term loan”), both with a maturity date of July 20, 2021. The Credit Agreement was collateralized by substantially all assets of LFS and its subsidiaries. Principal payments of $900,000 on the Credit Agreement term loan were due at the end of each quarter, beginning September 30, 2018, through maturity of the loan, with any remaining amounts due at maturity. Outstanding borrowings on both the Credit Agreement term loan and the Credit Agreement revolver bore interest at either the Base Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) or LIBOR (as defined in the Credit Agreement), plus the applicable additional margin, payable monthly. Mandatory prepayments were required upon the occurrence of certain events, including, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, equity issuances, changes of control of the Company, certain debt issuances, assets sales and excess cash flow.
The Credit Agreement included restrictions on, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, the Company and its subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends or make other distributions, redeem or purchase capital stock, make investments and loans and enter into certain transactions, including selling assets, engaging in mergers or acquisitions and entering into transactions with affiliates. Loans under the Credit Agreement bore interest, at the borrower's option, at either Adjusted LIBOR (“Eurodollar”) or a Base Rate, in each case, plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin with respect to any Base Rate loan was 5.00% per annum and with respect to a Eurodollar loan was 6.00% per annum.
The borrower was required to make principal payments on the Bridge Term Loan in the amount of $250,000 on the last business day of March, June, September and December of each year. The Bridge Term Loan had a maturity date of April 12, 2019. The Bridge Term Loan was guaranteed by the same guarantors (including Limbach Holdings, Inc., Limbach Facility Services LLC, Limbach Holdings LLC, Limbach Company LLC, Limbach Company LP, Harper Limbach LLC and Harper Limbach Construction LLC) and secured (on a pari passu basis) by the same collateral as the other loans under the Credit Agreement.
The equity interests of the Company’s subsidiaries were pledged as security for the obligations under the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement included customary events of default, including, among other items, payment defaults, cross-defaults to other indebtedness, a change of control default and events of default with respect to certain material agreements. Additionally, with respect to the Company, an event of default would have been deemed to have occurred if the Company’s securities ceased to be registered with the SEC pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act. In case of an event of default, the administrative agent would have been entitled to, among other things, accelerated payment of amounts due under the Credit Agreement, foreclose on the equity of the Company’s subsidiaries, and exercise all rights of a secured creditor on behalf of the lenders.
The additional margin applied to both the Credit Agreement revolver and Credit Agreement term loan were determined based on levels achieved under the Company’s senior leverage ratio covenant, which reflects the ratio of indebtedness divided by EBITDA for the most recently ended four quarters.
The following is a summary of the additional margin and commitment fees payable on the available revolving credit commitment:
Level
 
Senior Leverage Ratio
 
Additional Margin for
Base Rate loans
 
Additional Margin for
Libor Rate loans
 
Commitment Fee
I
 
Greater than or equal to 2.50 to 1.00
 
3.00
%
 
4.00
%
 
0.50
%
II
 
Less than 2.50 to 1.00, but greater than or equal to 2.00 to 1.00
 
2.75
%
 
3.75
%
 
0.50
%
III
 
Less than 2.00 to 1.00, but greater than or equal to 1.50 to 1.00
 
2.50
%
 
3.50
%
 
0.50
%
IV
 
Less than 1.50 to 1.00
 
2.25
%
 
3.25
%
 
0.50
%


2019 Refinancing Agreement
 
On April 12, 2019 (the “Refinancing Closing Date”), LFS entered into a financing agreement (the “2019 Refinancing Agreement”) with the lenders thereto and Cortland Capital Market Services LLC, as collateral agent and administrative agent and CB Agent Services LLC, as origination agent (“CB”). The 2019 Refinancing Agreement consists of (i) a $40.0 million term loan (the “2019 Refinancing Term Loan”) and (ii) a new $25.0 million multi-draw delayed draw term loan (the “2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan” and, collectively with the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan, the “2019 Term Loans”). Proceeds from the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan were used to repay the then existing Credit Agreement, to pay related fees and expenses thereof and to fund working capital of the Borrowers (defined below). Management intends for proceeds of the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan to be used to fund permitted acquisitions under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement and related fees and expenses in connection therewith.
 
LFS, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and each of its subsidiaries are borrowers (the “Borrowers”) under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement. In addition, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement is guaranteed by the Company and LHLLC (each, a “Guarantor”, and together with the Borrowers, the “Loan Parties”).
 
The 2019 Refinancing Agreement is secured by a first-priority lien on the real property of the Loan Parties and a second-priority lien on substantially all other assets of the Loan Parties, behind the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement (as defined below). The respective lien priorities of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement and the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement are governed by an intercreditor agreement.
 
2019 Refinancing Agreement - Interest Rates and Fees
 
The interest rate on borrowings under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement is, at the Borrowers’ option, either LIBOR (with a 2.00% floor) plus 11.00% or a base rate (with a 3.00% minimum) plus 10.00%. At June 30, 2020, the interest rate in effect on the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan was 13.00%.
 
2019 Refinancing Agreement - Other Terms and Conditions
 
The 2019 Refinancing Agreement matures on April 12, 2022, subject to certain adjustment. Required amortization is $1.0 million per quarter commencing with the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2020. There is an unused line fee of 2.0% per annum on the undrawn portion of the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan, and there is a make-whole premium on prepayments made prior to the 19-month anniversary of the Refinancing Closing Date. This make-whole provision guarantees that the Company will pay no less than 18 months’ applicable interest to the lenders under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement. The 2019 Refinancing Agreement contains representations and warranties, and covenants which are customary for debt facilities of this type. Unless the Required Lenders (as defined in the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) otherwise consent in writing, the covenants limit the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things, (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue preferred stock, (ii) pay dividends or make distributions to the Company’s stockholders, (iii) purchase or redeem the Company’s equity interests, (iv) make investments, (v) create liens on their assets, (vi) enter into transactions with the Company’s affiliates, (vii) sell assets and (viii) merge or consolidate with, or dispose of substantially all of the Company’s assets to, other companies.
 
In addition, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement includes customary events of default and other provisions that could require all amounts due thereunder to become immediately due and payable, either automatically or at the option of the lenders, if the Company fails to comply with the terms of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement or if other customary events occur.
 
Furthermore, the 2019 Refinancing Agreement also contains two financial maintenance covenants for the 2019 Refinancing Term Loan, including a requirement to have sufficient collateral coverage of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the 2019 Refinancing Term Loans and as of the last day of each month for the total leverage ratio of the Company and its Subsidiaries (the “Total Leverage Ratio ”) not to exceed an amount beginning at 4.25 to 1.00 through June 30, 2019, and stepping down to 2.00 to 1.00 effective July 1, 2021. From July 1, 2019 through September 30, 2019, the Total Leverage Ratio may not exceed 4.00 to 1.00. As of August 31, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 4.61 to 1.00, which did not meet the requirement for such ratio not to exceed 4.00 to 1.00. As of September 30, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 2.85 to 1.00, which was in compliance with the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. The lender has waived the event of default arising from this noncompliance as of August 31, 2019, while reserving its rights with respect to covenant compliance in future months. In addition, the parties to the 2019 Refinancing Agreement entered into an amendment which, among other changes, revises the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of 2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 through the term of such agreement. The 2019 Refinancing Agreement contains a post-closing covenant requiring the remediation of the Company’s material weakness, as described in Item 9A of its 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, no later than December 31, 2020 and to provide updates as to the progress of such remediation, provided that, if such remediation has not been completed on or prior to December 31, 2019, (x) the Company shall be required to pay the post-closing fee pursuant to the terms of the Origination Agent Fee Letter (as defined in the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) and (y) the applicable margin shall be increased by 1.00% per annum for the period from January 1, 2020 until the date at which the material weakness is no longer disclosed or required to be disclosed in the Company’s SEC filings or audited financial statements of the Company or related auditor’s reports. As of December 31, 2019, the Company fully remediated its material weakness and the Company removed from its SEC filings disclosure of such material weakness.

In connection with the 2019 Refinancing Amendment Number One and Waiver, dated November 14, 2019, the parties amended certain provisions of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, including, among other changes to: (i) require, commencing October 1, 2019, a 3.00% increase in the interest rate on borrowings under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement; (ii) require the approval of CB and, generally, the lenders representing at least 50.1% of the aggregate undrawn term loan commitment or unpaid principal amount of the term loans, prior to effecting any permitted acquisition; (iii) revise the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of 2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 and thereafter through the term of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement; and (iv) require the liquidity of the loan parties, which is generally calculated by adding (a) unrestricted cash on hand of the Loan Parties maintained in deposit accounts subject to control agreements granting control to the collateral agent for the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement, to (b) the difference between (1) the lesser of (x) $15 million, as adjusted from time to time, and (y) 75% of certain customer accounts resulting from the sale of goods or services in the ordinary course of business minus certain reserves established by the Administrative Agent and (2) the sum of (x) the outstanding principal balance of all revolving loans under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement plus (y) the aggregate undrawn available amount of all letters of credit then outstanding plus the amount of any obligations that arise from any draw against any letter of credit that have not been reimbursed by the borrowers or funded with a revolving loan under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement (the “Loan Parties Liquidity”), as of the last day of any fiscal month ending on or after November 30, 2019, of at least $10,000,000. As a condition to executing the 2019 Refinancing Amendment Number One and Waiver, the loan parties will be required to pay a non-refundable waiver fee of $400,000 and a non-refundable amendment fee of $1,000,000 (the “PIK First Amendment Fee”, which shall be paid in kind by adding the PIK First Amendment Fee to the outstanding principal amount of the term loan under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement as additional principal obligations thereunder on and as of the effective date 2019 Refinancing Amendment Number One and Waiver).
 
2019 Refinancing Agreement - CB Warrants
 
In connection with the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, on the Refinancing Closing Date, the Company issued to CB and the other lenders under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement warrants (the “CB Warrants”) to purchase up to a maximum of 263,314 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $7.63 per share subject to certain adjustments, including for stock dividends, stock splits or reclassifications. The actual number of shares of common stock into which the CB Warrants will be exercisable at any given time will be equal to: (i) the product of (x) the number of shares equal to 2% of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock on the Refinancing Closing Date on a fully diluted basis and (y) the percentage of the total 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan made as of the exercise date, minus (ii) the number of shares previously issued under the CB Warrants. As of the Refinancing Closing Date through June 30, 2020, no amounts had been drawn on the 2019 Delayed Draw Term Loan, so no portion of the CB Warrants was exercisable. The CB Warrants may be exercised for cash or on a “cashless basis,” subject to certain adjustments, at any time after the Refinancing Closing Date until the expiration of such warrant at 5:00 p.m., New York time, on the earlier of (i) the five (5) year anniversary of the Refinancing Closing Date, or (ii) the liquidation of the Company. 
 
Accounting for the 2019 Term Loans and CB Warrants
 
The CB Warrants represent a freestanding financial instrument that is classified as a liability because the CB Warrants meet the definition of a derivative instrument that does not meet the equity scope exception (i.e., the CB Warrants are not indexed to the entity’s own equity). In addition, the material weakness penalty described above was evaluated as an embedded derivative liability and bifurcated from the 2019 Term Loans as it represents a non-credit related embedded feature that provides for net settlement. Both the CB Warrants liability and the embedded derivative liability are required to be initially and subsequently measured at fair value. The initial fair values of the CB Warrants liability and the embedded derivative liability approximated $0.9 million and $0.4 million, respectively, on the Refinancing Closing Date. The Company estimated these fair values by using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model and a probability-weighted discounted cash flow approach.

The CB Warrants liability is included in other long-term liabilities. The Company remeasured the fair value of the CB Warrants liability as of June 30, 2020 and recorded any adjustments as other income (expense). At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the CB Warrants liability was $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, the Company recorded other income of $0.1 million and other expenses of $0.1 million to reflect the change in fair value of the CB Warrants liability. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded other income of $0.1 million for both periods. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the embedded derivative liability was $0.0 million as the Company remediated the material weakness associated with the embedded derivative as of December 31, 2019, and the $0.4 million embedded derivative liability was fully reversed and recorded as other income at that date.
 
The proceeds for the 2019 Term Loan were first allocated to the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative liability based on their respective fair values with a corresponding amount of $1.3 million recorded as a debt discount to the 2019 Term Loans. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $2.5 million of debt issuance costs for the 2019 Term Loans that have also been recorded as a debt discount. The combined debt discount from the CB Warrants liability, embedded derivative liability and the debt issuance costs are being amortized into interest expense over the term of the 2019 Term Loans using the effective interest method. The Company recorded interest expense for the amortization of the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative debt discounts of $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and recorded an additional $0.4 million and $0.7 million of interest expense for the amortization of the debt issuance costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. 

The Company recorded interest expense for the amortization of the CB Warrants liability and embedded derivative debt discounts of $0.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and recorded an additional $0.2 million of interest expense for the amortization of the debt issuance costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. 
 
2019 ABL Credit Agreement
 
On the Refinancing Closing Date, LFS also entered into a financing agreement with the lenders thereto and Citizens Bank, N.A., as collateral agent, administrative agent and origination agent (the “2019 ABL Credit Agreement” and, together with the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, the “Refinancing Agreements”). The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement consists of a $15.0 million revolving credit facility (the “2019 Revolving Credit Facility”). Proceeds of the 2019 Revolving Credit Facility may be used for general corporate purposes. On the Refinancing Closing Date, the Company had nothing drawn on the ABL Credit Agreement and $14.0 million of available borrowing capacity thereunder (net of a $1.0 million reserve imposed by the lender).
 
The Borrowers and Guarantors under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement are the same as under the 2019 Refinancing Agreement.
 
The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement is secured by a second-priority lien on the real property of the Loan Parties (behind the 2019 Refinancing Agreement) and a first-priority lien on substantially all other assets of the Loan Parties.
 
2019 ABL Credit Agreement - Interest Rates and Fees
 
The interest rate on borrowings under the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement is, at the Borrowers’ option, either LIBOR (with a 2.0% floor) plus an applicable margin ranging from 3.00% to 3.50% or a base rate (with a 3.0% minimum) plus an applicable margin ranging from 2.00% to 2.50%. At June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, the interest rates in effect on the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement were 5.25% and 7.50%, respectively.
 
2019 ABL Credit Agreement - Other Terms and Conditions
 
The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement matures on April 12, 2022. There is an unused line fee ranging from 0.250% to 0.375% per annum on undrawn amounts.
 
The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement contains representations and warranties, and covenants which are customary for debt facilities of this type. Unless the Required Lenders otherwise consent in writing, the covenants limit the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things, generally, to (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue preferred stock, (ii) pay dividends or make distributions to the Company’s stockholders, (iii) purchase or redeem the Company’s equity interests, (iv) make investments, (v) create liens on their assets, (vi) enter into transactions with the Company’s affiliates, (vii) sell assets other than in the ordinary course of business or another permitted disposition of assets and (viii) merge or consolidate with, or dispose of substantially all of the Company’s assets to, other companies.

The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement includes customary events of default and other provisions that could require all amounts due thereunder to become immediately due and payable, either automatically or at the option of the lenders, if the Company fails to comply with the terms of the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement or if other customary events occur.
 
The 2019 ABL Credit Agreement also contains a financial maintenance covenant for the 2019 Revolving Credit Facility, which is a requirement for the Total Leverage Ratio of the Company and its Subsidiaries not to exceed an amount beginning at 4.00 to 1.00 through September 30, 2019, and stepping down to 1.75 to 1.00 effective July 1, 2021. As of August 31, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 4.61 to 1.00, which did not meet the requirement for such ratio not to exceed 4.00 to 1.00. As of September 30, 2019, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio for the preceding twelve consecutive fiscal month period was 2.85 to 1.00, which was in compliance with the 4.00 to 1.00 requirement. The lender has waived the event of default arising from this noncompliance as of August 31, 2019, while reserving its rights with respect to covenant compliance in future months. In addition, the parties to the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement entered into an amendment which, among other changes revises the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of 2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 through the term of such agreement.
In connection with the 2019 ABL Credit Amendment Number One and Waiver, the parties amended certain provisions of the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement, including, among other changes to (i) require the approval of the origination agent and, generally, the lenders representing at least 50.1% of the aggregate undrawn revolving loan commitment or unpaid principal amount of the term loans, prior to effecting any permitted acquisition; (ii) revise the maximum permitted Total Leverage Ratio, starting at 3.30 to 1.00 on October 1, 2019 with a peak ratio of 4.25 during March 2020 along with varying monthly rates culminating in the lowest Total Leverage Ratio of 2.00 to 1.00 on April 1, 2021 through the term of the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement; and (iii) require the Loan Parties Liquidity as of the last day of any fiscal month ending on or after November 30, 2019, of at least $10,000,000, as described above in the Amendment Number One to 2019 Refinancing Agreement and Waiver. As a condition to executing the 2019 ABL Credit Amendment Number One and Waiver, the loan parties was required to pay a non-refundable waiver fee of $7,500.

Accounting for the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement
 
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had no amounts drawn on the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $0.9 million of debt issuance costs for the 2019 ABL Credit Agreement that have been recorded as a non-current deferred asset. The deferred asset is being amortized into interest expense over the term of the 2019 Term ABL Credit Agreement using the effective interest method. The Company recorded interest expense of $0.1 million for the amortization the debt issuance costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.