Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements
Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities in accordance with ASC Topic 820 – Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value and requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to measurements involving significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1 — inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that are accessible at the measurement date;
Level 2 — inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 — unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
The Company believes that the carrying amounts of its financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable and accounts payable consist primarily of instruments without extended maturities, which approximate fair value primarily due to their short-term maturities and low risk of counterparty default. We also believe that the carrying value of the 2019 Refinancing Agreement term loan approximates its fair value due to the variable rate on such debt. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company determined that the fair value of its 2019 Refinancing Agreement term loan was $41.0 million at each date. Such fair value is determined using discounted estimated future cash flows using level 3 inputs.
In connection with the 2019 Refinancing Agreement, on the Refinancing Closing Date, the Company issued to CB and the other lenders under the CB Warrants to purchase up to a maximum of 263,314 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $7.63 per share subject to certain adjustments, including for stock dividends, stock splits or reclassifications (refer to Note 7 - Debt). The fair value of the Company’s warrant liability is recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and is determined using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model. The valuation inputs include the quoted price of the Company’s common stock in an active market, volatility and expected life of the warrants, which are Level 3 inputs. Volatility is based on the actual market activity of the Company’s stock. The expected life is based on the remaining contractual term of the warrants and the risk-free interest rate is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury Securities with a maturity equivalent to the warrants’ expected life.
The table below sets forth the assumptions used within the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model to value the Company's warrant liabilities as of June 30, 2020:
Stock price

Exercise price

Time until expiration (years)

Expected volatility
Risk-free interest rate
Expected dividend yield